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Chesswood Junior School

Chesswood Junior School

Black History Month

Black History Month

Black History Month is an annual observance originating in the United States where it is also known as African-American History Month. It has received official recognition from governments in the United States and Canada, and more recently has been observed in Ireland, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom. It began as a way of remembering important people and events in the history of Africa and the African diaspora (A diaspora (/daɪˈæspərə/) is a scattered population whose origin lies in a separate geographic locale.). It is celebrated in February in the United States and Canada, while in Ireland, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom it is observed in October.

Black History Month



Black History Month Website

Please click on the image opposite to visit the Black History Month Website. The website includes a wide range of important, inspiring and enlightening reviews of events and people.


BHM Prime Minister Boris Johnson

For countless generations people of African and Caribbean descent have been shaping our nation’s story, making a huge difference to our national and cultural life and helping to make Britain a better place to be.

Please click the link opposite to watch a short message from the Prime Minister about Black History Month


Celebrating Black History - Locally, Nationally and Internationally

We want to hear from you - widen and enrich our school experience

This part of the Chesswood Junior School, Black History Month web page focuses on links to people an events that are important and appropriate to share with children aged between 7-11. The online form below invites children and parents within the school community to share individual person or group  of people - locally, nationally or internationally; using materials on-line or off line that would be appropriate for children aged 7-11 or within an individual year group e.g. Year 6 age 10-11, If you are wishing to complete the form from a smaller device such as a phone or tablet, please use this LINK

Black History Resources - Locally, Nationally and Internationally



BBC Newsround - Black History Month: What is it?

October is Black History Month in the UK, an event that has been celebrated nationwide for more than 30 years.

The month was originally founded to recognise the contributions that people of African and Caribbean backgrounds have made to the UK over many generations.

Now, Black History Month has expanded to include the history of not just African and Caribbean people but black people in general.


BBC Newsround - Why is black British History so important?

The death of an African-American Geiorge Floyd has sparked lots of conversations about racsim and how it can be tackled.

Celebrities like George the Poet have highlighted the importance of education when it comes to stamping out the discrimination many black people around the world face because of the colour of their skin.

Campaign groups and charities like The Black Curriculum and Fill in the Blanks have also spoken out on the importance of black history being taught in schools.

These campaigners believe all children and young people need to learn about the important roles black people have played throughout British history and the many contributions they have made to society today.


Celebrating Black Music

Click on the image opposite to listen to a spotify play list developed by Chesswood Junior School to celebrate a wonderful range of Black music and musicians. Listen, enjoy and reflect on the enormous contribution to Uk and World Music.


A US history of Black Music

Click on the image opposite to learn more about how music for hundreds of years has been influenced by African heritage and culture.


100 Years of Black British Excellence

Black History Month was founded in the UK over 30 years ago and its central ethos is to celebrate the contributions made by black communities and individuals to this country.

So each day across October, in conjunction with Team GB, we are celebrating a different athlete's achievements at the Olympic Games - via a Twitter thread on @eurosport_uk and also right here on

The sporting heroes that change our lives

Click on the image opposite or follow this LINK.


Who is your black sporting hero? Who is the sportsperson who first meant everything to you, brought you boundless joy, conquered the world and changed your life in the process?



Black History Month: The best of BBC Sport's coverage

Click on the image opposite or follow this LINK.

After watching this video scroll down the page for many, many videos from iconic sports people in their own words including Pele.

find out more about individual world sports men and women from the BBC:

  1. The seven black sportswomen you should know more about
  2. Four iconic black athletes that changed the fashion game
  3. Prince Monolulu - the truth behind horse racing's original showman tipster
  4. The forgotten story of Britain's first black coach
  5. Panashe Muzambe - from Zimbabwe to the Scotland rugby team
  6. Lewis Hamilton: Cultural icon, activist and musician
  7. Fritz Pollard's pioneering role in NFL history
  8. Michael Gunning: Jamaica swimmer's rise in white-dominated sport
  1. Len Johnson: The boxer with 93 wins who could never become British champion
  2. Mary Cholhok: Becoming a 'boss woman', being part from her son & inspiring a generation
  3. From Trayvon Martin to Colin Kaepernick - the history of Black Lives Matter protest in sport
  4. Bob Marley's love affair with football
  5. Have a go - Pele at 80: Where does he rank among the GOATs?
  6. Broken neck & headbutting team-mates: Ex-Scotland centre Joe Ansbro tells his story
  7. Ifeoma Dieke: The shy girl who became Scotland's first female black captain

BBC Newsround - Kids Views

Black History Month is happening in October and it's when people celebrate the contribution that black people have made to the UK.

It started 30 years ago because, throughout history, black people have been discriminated against and treated badly because of the colour of their skin.

Kids have been telling Newsround why Black History Month is important to them.



BBC Newsround Bristol

Our modern cities have been shaped by the money made from slavery and we wanted to find out how.

Black people are central to the story of our cities because their work helped fund our buildings, institutions, culture and history.

We met up with Esther Deans, who is a teacher in Bristol working to make the city's education more equal and diverse.

She took us on a tour of the city to show us how the history of slavery can still be found in its street names, organisations and monuments. Watch this.


BBC Newsround: The Windrush

Windrush Day takes place on 22 June, remembering the day when around 500 migrants from the Caribbean arrived at Tilbury Docks in Essex in 1948.

Britain was just starting to recover from World War Two back then. Thousands of buildings had been bombed, lots of houses had been destroyed and it all needed to be rebuilt.

In the Caribbean, lots of young men and women had served in the British armed forces because at the time, many Caribbean countries were still under British rule and not yet independent.

After the war, some of these people answered an advert to come to Britain where there were lots of different jobs to do. 

Other people just wanted to see Britain, which they had heard so much about.


Finding my family - Windrush: A newsround special

To mark the 70th anniversary of that first journey, Maya and Levi head back to the Caribbean islands that their granddads left to see where they grew up and why they decided to start new lives in the UK.

They each had three missions to complete while they were there.

You can find out what Maya and Levi learned by watching Finding My Family - Windrush: A Newsround Special.


BBC Newsround: Black Lives Matter - what does it mean

You may have heard lots of people using the phrase 'Black Lives Matter' in recent times.

It's a statement which has become an important way for people to show their support for members of the black community who have experienced discrimination simply because of the colour of their skin.


BBC Newsround: Systemic Racism - Kids questions answered

What is systemic racism, are the issues in the US and UK the same, and what can we do to make a difference?

We put children's questions on the Black Lives Matter movement to a politician, a historian and an academic.


Colourism: Dark-skinned and light-skinned - why there is no difference

If you're black or Asian then you might be familiar with other black and Asian people making comments on how light-skinned or dark-skinned you are.

If you're not, you might have heard these comments being made at school or elsewhere.

What is colourism?

Colourism is a form of racism which is usually seen when people are negative about people who have a darker skin tone. It also includes people that treat others with a lighter-skin tone better.


BBC Newsround: Stamp Out Racism

Footballer Gabriel Zakuani talks about his racism experience and what you can do if you come across nasty comments online💪




BBC Newsround: Racism in the UK - Special Programme

De'Graft presents a Newsround special programme all about racism in the UK.

In this bulletin, we'll be hearing from some of you and finding out what it's like growing up in Britain if you're black.

We'll also be looking at what could be done to help make the situation better in the future.


BBC Newsround: Advice if you are upset about racism

You may have seen a lot in the news about racism recently.

Racism is where words or actions are used to discriminate against, or disadvantage, someone because of their colour, culture or ethnic origin.



Important Individuals



Marcus Rashford

Watch the video by clicking the image opposite or this LINK.

At the start of 2020, Marcus Rashford was a Manchester United and England footballer. He ended it as an internationally recognised social justice campaigner on child food poverty. His work for the provision of free school meals in England during holidays and other support to low-income families prompted major changes in government policy.

Lilian Bader

Watch the video by click the image opposite or this LINK.

TEST yourself

1. What year was Lilian Bader born?

2. What Caribbean country was Lilian’s father from?

3. Where did Lilian first work?

4. What actions did Lilian take to leave a legacy?

For more activities visit:



Mary Seacole

Watch the video by click the image opposite or this LINK.

TEST yourself

1 What year was Mary Seacole born?

2 What was the title of Mary’s autobiography?

3 What is the name of the hospital with a statue of Mary and where is it located?

4 What is the significance of Mary Seacole’s contribution to war efforts and nursing?

For more activities visit:

John Blanke

Watch the video by click the image opposite or this LINK.

Royal trumpeter for Henry VII and Henry VIII.

For more activities visit:


Olive Morris

Watch the video by click the image opposite or this LINK.

TEST yourself

1 What year was Olive Morris born?

2 What groups did Olive Morris form?

3 What were some of the ways Olive Morris protested?

4 Why do you think the platforms Olive created were important?

For more activities visit:


Bristol Bus Boycott

Watch the video by click the image opposite or this LINK.

The boycotts of the Bristol Omnibus Company happened in 1963, as a result of their refusal to employ Black or Asian bus crews. The bus boycott isn’t an event discussed often in British history, but it was a milestone moment in achieving equality in Britain at the time.

1. Who was the spokesperson for the West Indian development council?

2. What year did the boycott begin?

3. How many months did it take for the colour bar to end?

4. What was the estimated amount of Caribbean people, who settled in Bristol after WWII?

For more activities visit:


Rhaune Laslett-O’Brien and Claudia Jones

The Pioneers of Notting Hill Carnival 

Watch the video by click the image opposite or this LINK.

1. In which month of the year does Notting Hill Carnival take place?

2. In what year did Notting Hill Carnival first take place?

3. How many years did the indoor carnival take place for?

For more activities visit:


Black history: The forgotten history of black people in the UK

The BBC has launched two new online series - Alt History and Black to Life - that take a look back at black British history that has been forgotten.

Over the years, people have been campaigning to make history more inclusive.

That means that instead of always telling the stories of white British and white European historical figures, people from black and minority ethnic communities should be represented as well.


BBC Newsround: Great women you should know about...

Throughout history, black people have made huge contributions to society in the fields of art, music, science, literature and many more areas.

But in the past these contributions have often been ignored or played down because black people weren't treated the same way as other people because of the colour of their skin.

Black History Month aims to address this unfairness by celebrating these achievements and contributions.

Read on to find out about the incredible things that 12 women in particular have done for Britain.

BBC Newsround: The men who made history in Britain

Black History Month has been marked in the UK for more than 30 years. It takes place during the month of October.

It happens because so often in the past, the contributions made by black people to the community were ignored or played down because black people weren't treated the same way as other people because of the colour of their skin.

Black History Month aims to address this unfairness, by celebrating the achievements and contributions of the black community over the years.

Read on to find out about the incredible things that these 10 men have done for Britain.



Harriet Tubman:

A black slave who grew up in slavery. She fled to North America for freedom but once there she realised she had to help others gain freedom too. She risked her life on many occasions by leading slaves to freedom in the North. She was on the wanted list with a high bounty. Later in life she was a nurse to northern state soldiers (who were fighting to free slaves and end slavery) and spied on the enemy, feeding information back to the army. She was also a suffragette and fought for women's rights. 


Ruby Bridges

One of the first black American children to enter an all-white state school. She had to pass pickets and crowds every day who were against her being allowed to attend. Year 3 may particularly engage with Ruby as she started school at a similar age to them starting Chesswood so a lovely opportunity to model empathy and question how she would have felt.

3 Minute video of Ruby as an adult discussing her experiences. 

Jack Leslie:

Should have been the first black football player for England and is often recognised as the first black football player for England. Despite being selected for the team based on his talents, he was replaced last minute due to the colour of his skin. Despite this he had played for Barking Town and Plymouth Argyle and helped many black children see that they could also aspire to play football and succeed. Football has often struggled with equality within the sport and racism from fans and within the system remain an issue today. Without people like Jack Leslie being determined to pursue their dreams and talents other famous black British players may have not felt it possible to aim so high.

 news report exploring the aim to build a statue in his honour. This has since been rejected. Great discussion piece.

Martin Luther King:

Social activist who led the civil rights movement. Martin Luther King Jr believed in peaceful protest and helped bring better rights to black Americans which earned him the Nobel Peace prize. He was assassinated but his legacy would inspire other black people to demand equal rights and justice.