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Chesswood Junior School

Chesswood Junior School

Queen Elizabeth 1

Introduction

Elizabeth I of England - World History Encyclopedia

  1. Queen Elizabeth I’s time in power is known as the ‘Elizabethan Age’.
  2. She ruled England alone - she was not married and there was no King. The 'Elizabethan Age' was before England and Scotland were united. Elizabeth reigned England and Wales; she died just before Ireland was to be ruled by England in 1603
  3. Elizabeth was the daughter of Henry VIII and his second wife, Anne Boleyn
  4. When she was just two years old, her father had her mother beheaded
  5. Henry already had a daughter, Mary – Elizabeth’s half-sister – with his first wife Catherine of Aragon.
  6. Elizabeth removed from the line of succession (her right to inherit the throne). She also had her title downgraded from ‘Princess’ to ‘Lady’. 
  7. Henry was desperate for a male heir to succeed him.
  8. Her coronation on 15th January 1559 Westminster Abbey.
  9. Elizabeth’s reign is looked back on as a ‘Golden Age‘ in British history - famous names such as Sir Francis DrakeSir Walter Raleigh and William Shakespeare are from the Golden Age.
  10. Elizabeth I reigned for 45 years - 1558 - 1603 ; Elizabeth II has reigned 69 years from 1953-2022

Where would you fit in?

Find Out More

Guide

Link

 Elizabethan Playlist

Listen to music from the Elizabethan era. Click on the image opposite or follow this LINK to experience the sounds of the time. 

 

 

Elizabeth 1  The basics

BBC KS1 Content - Suitable for All 

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Queen Elizabeth I - BrainPOP UK

Suitable for all

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Queen Elizabeth 1 - Basic Overview

Suitable for All - A great short video to gather knowledge

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Elizabeth 1 - her life and reign

Britannica content - suitable for Year 3-4

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Elizabeth 1 - her life and reign

National Geographic content - suitable for Year 4-6

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Elizabeth 1 - In more depth

Suitable for Year 5 and 6

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Challenges to Elizabeth's rule - Mary Queen of Scots

Suitable for Year 5 and 6

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Elizabeth faced challenges throughout her long reign - from Mary, Queen of Scots, to the Spanish Armada. She was a cautious ruler who acted carefully to preserve England’s security.

 

 

Elizabeth 1 - Hunting for history

Researching history - finding evidence and sources to fund out more about our history.

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Elizabeth 1 - NEWS - Only piece of clothing now existing

The fabric, which is over 500 years old, is believed to be the only piece of clothing left that was worn by Queen Elizabeth I.

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Elizabeth 1 - What was life like in court?

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Elizabethan London

Suitable for Year 6

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What was life like for the rural poor in Elizabethan England?

Suitable for Year 6

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Who were the rich in Elizabethan England? | History - Elizabethan England

Suitable for Year 6

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Elizabeth 1, England V Spain

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In the 1580s, relations between England and Spain had been getting worse and worse. By May 1588, King Philip II of Spain had finished preparing a fleet, the Spanish Armada, to invade England. His plan was for the fleet of 130 ships, carrying 30,000 sailors and soldiers, to sail up the English Channel. 

The Protestant Queen Elizabeth I would be removed from the throne and replaced with a Catholic ruler. The Catholic religion would be restored in England.

King Philip II of Spain was hostile to Queen Elizabeth’s England for several reasons:

  • England had become a Protestant country and as a devout Catholic himself Philip II wanted to change it back to a Catholic country
  • Elizabeth I was helping the rebels fighting against Philip II in the Low Countries
  • Elizabeth I had had the Catholic Mary, Queen of Scots executed in 1587 and Philip wanted to avenge her death
  • English sailors were attacking Spanish ships and cities in the New World (in 1587 Drake had attacked Cadiz)

Queen Elizabeth I was unhappy with Philip II’s Spain because:

  • English ships were barred from trading with the Spanish Empire
  • Philip II was encouraging her Catholic subjects to plot and rebel against her and that is one reason why she had to execute Mary, Queen of Scots

Rivalry with Spain

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During the early years of Elizabeth’s reign Catholic Spain (the most powerful country in the world at that time) and Protestant England remained friendly. Over time tension built up leading to war in 1585 and an invasion of England in 1588, known as the Spanish Armada.

 

Elizabeth 1 - Tilbury Speech (The Thames - Essex)

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The Speech to the Troops at Tilbury was delivered on 19 August 1588 by Queen Elizabeth I of England to the land forces earlier assembled at Tilbury in Essex in preparation for repelling the expected invasion by the Spanish Armada.

Elizabeth 1 "I too can command the wind sir"

Suitable for Year 5 and 6

Elizabeth 1 and Spanish Ambassador - film depiction. Things get heated between England and Spain nearly 500 years ago

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Find Out Even More - Significant Events and People

Guide

Link

Interested in the Kings and Queens of England?

Take a look at our dedicated Kings and Queens Page.Click on the image opposite or follow this LINK to find out more

The Late Tudors: Elizabeth and the Spanish Armada

Suitable for Year 5 and 6

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The Spanish Armada

The spectacular but unsuccessful attempt by King Philip II of Spain to invade Elizabethan England in 1588. The Armada is for the English the classic foreign threat to their country and a powerful icon of national identity

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The Spanish Armada, Queen Elizabeth, and Sir Francis Drake

Suitable for Year 5 and 6

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Sir Francis Drake

Expert navigator and Elizabethan hero, pirate and slave trader: learn 10 quick facts about Francis Drake.

Drake was hated by the Spanish who nicknamed him ‘El Draque’ or the Dragon

This was due to numerous raids he made against Spanish ships and settlements on his voyages.

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Drake playing bowls on Plymouth Ho as the arrival of the Spanish Armada in the Channel is announced: Spanish Armada June to September 1588

Drake playing bowls on Plymouth Ho as the arrival of the Spanish Armada in the Channel is announced: Spanish Armada June to September 1588

Francis Drake Sails Around the World

Sir Francis Drake was a pirate appointed by Elizabeth I to help beat the Spanish Armada. He also sailed around the world.

Raleigh was a man who wrote about new worlds as well as exploring them. He fought in wars and wrote poems. Raleigh liked to study different things like geography, theology, and poetry. He also studied how to govern people.

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Sir Walter Raleigh

A very well researched video by a child in America. 

Sir Walter Raleigh was famous as a writer and poet. He also explored, fought, worked at the court, wrote books, and didn’t believe in religion.

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William Shakespeare

  • He is one of the most famous writers in the world.

  • He wrote plays over 400 years ago, but people still go to theatres to see them performed.

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ENGLISH MONARCHS WITH THE LONGEST REIGN

Queen Elizabeth II 1952 - 2022  70 years+

Queen Victoria 1837-1901 63 Years

King George III 1760 - 1820 59 Years

King Henry III 1216 - 1272 56 Years

King Edward III 1327 - 1377 50 Years

Queen Elizabeth 1 1558 - 1603 44 Years